Dental prostheses are artificial teeth made to correct the deficiencies of lost teeth and / or to correct the deteriorated tooth structure. They are applied for the continuity of tissue health, to restore the lost chewing function of the person, and to provide facial aesthetics.
According to the number of missing teeth, their location and the needs of the patient, prostheses are called differently, mainly fixed prostheses (veneers, bridges) and removable prostheses (false teeth), depending on the structure they support. In addition, aesthetic dental applications (Porcelain Laminates, Smile Design, Empress coating, Zirconium Porcelain, etc.), which are important today, are included in the scope of prosthetic dental treatments.
It is a fixed prosthesis material that has been preferred in dentistry for many years. It can be applied to the back teeth where there is no aesthetic concern in the mouth. Due to the metal in its infrastructure, an ideal aesthetic result may not always be achieved in the treatment of anterior teeth. In such cases, zirconium-based porcelains or full ceramic porcelains are preferred.
Zirconium infrastructured porcelain:
It has superior physical properties compared to metal-based porcelains. Light transmittance and gingival compatibility are among the advantages of this material in terms of aesthetics and biocompatibility. It is more costly than metal-based porcelain. It can be applied in the anterior or posterior region in the mouth.
Thanks to the developing technology, the full ceramic porcelain prosthesis provides ideal results in the anterior tooth area. It is the material where aesthetic values are at the highest point and the closest results to natural teeth are obtained.
Laminae are usually made of full ceramic porcelains. Since the light transmittance is similar to the tooth, an ideal natural appearance is obtained.
Removable prostheses, another type of prosthetic teeth, are also divided into a number of types. In order for removable prostheses to be considered, tooth loss must be intense and all teeth must be lost. Since these prostheses are removable, they can be easily removed and attached by the patient.